Explained: Why Indian Salt Industry is Facing Several Challenges and How Will It Impact


Hopi legend holds that the angry Warrior Twins punished mankind by placing valuable salt deposits far from civilization, requiring hard work and bravery to harvest the precious mineral. Salt has long held an important place in religion and culture. Jewish Temple offerings included salt; on the Sabbath, people of the Jewish faith still dip their bread in salt as a remembrance of those sacrifices. In the Old Testament, Lot’s wife was turned into a pillar of salt.

Gaunthi mith, in particular, is weaved into Goan cuisine, its economy, society and culture in unique ways. Produced the same way for over 1500 years, Goans will tell you how they used solar salt for everything from cooking to disinfecting wells, healing a sore throat, bathing, cleaning, and even construction. The Indian Salt Manufacturers’ Association has demanded that salt be considered as an agricultural product, and not a mining commodity. “Before independence, India’s salt requirement used to be fulfilled by sendha namak mined from salt mines situated in Himachal Pradesh. Due to this, the British government prescribed salt as a mining product.

Thus the association is demanding to consider it an agricultural product and also argued that Salt production is a seasonal industry. Salt is harvested by mining in Himachal and Rajasthan while other states produce it by a solar-evaporation process of seawater. The British monarchy supported itself with high salt taxes, leading to a bustling black market for the white crystal.

Nellore to Srikakulam are marine salt industry in Andhra Pradesh. India exports nearly 10 million tonne of salt from its total production while industries consume about 12.5 million tonne and retail customers consume the rest. India is the third-largest producer of salt in the world after the USA and China. In India, nearly 30 million tonne of salt is produced every year.

The word salad also originated from salt, and began with the early Romans salting their leafy greens and vegetables. Undeniably, the history of salt is both broad and unique, leaving its indelible mark in cultures across the globe. Nellore to Srikakulam are marine salt industry in Andhra Pradesh.Sanikatta is the oldest salt manufacturing village in Karnataka State and Ganjam is the place for salt manufacturing in Odisha. A separate nodal agency with common rules and regulations regarding salt production is required. Minimum wages and social security must be ensured with a uniform policy for the entire country.

After the Portuguese arrived, Goan salt rocketed into a global commodity exported within India and across the Portuguese empire’s reach into Southeast Asia, Africa and the Middle East. In the mid-19th century, Goa exported nearly 19 million kilos of salt from 658 salt pans. In the 1990’s, the World largest producer of salt in the world Health Organization warned developing countries about iodine deficiency disorders leading the Indian government to ban the sale of non-iodized salt in 1997. Although coastal communities never suffered from these deficiencies, Goans like other Indians began consuming commercial table salt.

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In recent years, the promotion of free trade through the World Trade Organization has led to abolition of many national monopolies, for example, in Taiwan. Maharashtra is one of the four leading salt producers state of India. Salt manufactured by solar evaporation of sea water around the coast of Maharashtra.

  • The mines are spread across an area of 110 sq km, with tunnels running half a mile into a mountain.
  • Then, the lockdown imposed across the country at the end of March brought production to an early close, meaning that this year’s output is down 35 per cent from the previous year’s output.
  • Salt is still used as money among the nomads of Ethiopias Danakil Plains.
  • We are fortunate, indeed, that in the United States it has never been subjected to discriminatory taxes, and that in North America it is plentiful, obtainable and the least expensive of our necessities.

About 30 million tonne of salt is produced in India every year. India exports around 10 million tonne of salt while 125 million tonnes of salt is used in industries. Gujarat accounts for over 76 per cent of India’s total salt production.

UPSC Prelims

In India, the effective literacy rate is calculated for people of or above ________ years of age.

largest producer of salt in the world

Salt is produced by the evaporation of brine (high-concentration solution of salt in water). Last year,Gujarat accounted for 80 percent of India’s salt production, the share of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh was 12 percent. Rajasthan accounted for 7 percent of the production from Sambhar Lake. The workers are affective because of the lack of an adequate system for wages and social security benefits. “Because they do not have to monitor the pump all the time, the parents are spending more time with children and also mingling with other families in their hamlet in the Rann.

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Premji Kutecha from Tikar village in Halvad block was one of the pioneers to install a solar pump in 2010. The pump was placed besides the temporary hut of an Agariya, making the noxious fumes and noise from the pump a constant in his life. The fuel constituted 70 per cent of his input cost for making salt. Now, she also has a ‘dish’ under which the family sits to take a break from the hard work and blazing sun. In Gujarat’s Little Rann of Kutch, where vast cracked land stretches into the horizon with no trees in site, the ‘dish’ has become a reason for Kanuben’s clean hands.

largest producer of salt in the world

Every year we make about two lakh tonnes of salt, but this year, we were only able to make 1.25 lakh. The brine here is already diluted; if it rains again, then instead of starting in December, salt production for next year will start in January,” Babu said. Annually, India requires 90 lakh tonnes of salt for domestic consumption, an equal amount for industrial use, industry experts such as Raval told ThePrint.

Gujarat is the leading producer of salt in India.

Which of the following statement s is are correct with respect to salt production nbsp in India nbsp…… Much of the Himalayan pink salt consumed across the globe comes from Pakistan. But against the backdrop of tense relations with neighbouring India, the rock salt has become a matter of national pride and sovereignty. Rather than selling the raw material at cheap rates to China and India, Islamabad should boost exports of pink salt to the West.

The expression not worth his salt stems from the practice of trading slaves for salt in ancient Greece. Special salt rations given to early Roman soldiers were known as salarium argentum, the forerunner of the English word salary. References to salt can be found in languages around the globe, particularly regarding salt used for food. From the Latin sal, for example, come such other derived words as sauce and sausage. The only producer in India which obtains rock salt in meager quantities, is the Hindustan Salt Ltd, Jaipur from its mines located in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. India is the third-largest producer of salt in the world after China and the USA.

In Himachal and Rajasthan, salt is extracted from mining, while in other states it is made from salt water of the sea. But last time it started late due to prolonged active monsoon over the coastal areas. Gujarat contributes a whopping 76 per cent of India’s total salt production, thanks to its arid climate and large land availability. The business is concentrated in Kharaghoda , Bhavnagar, Porbandar and the Rann of Kutch.